Istanbul is the most heavily populated city in Turkey and one of the largest cities in all of Europe. An estimated 12-19 million people call it home (just for reference that is 20 times the size of my hometown of Portland, Oregon).
Turkey is split by the narrow strait called the Bosphorus with Europe on one side and Asia on the other. Not only is the city split geographically, but culturally as well. It is a melting pot of many different cultures and religions. You’ll encounter scantily clad women in short skirts and half shirts alongside extremely conservative women in burkas and everything in-between. All in one day.
The city is gigantic and sprawling. If you only have a limited amount of time in Istanbul, deciding where to sleep, eat, and explore can be overwhelming. Follow our detailed three-day itinerary to get the most out of your trip to this amazing city!
Disclaimer: This post may contain affiliate links. If you make a purchase or booking through one of our links we may earn a small commission (don’t worry, it’s at no extra cost to you).
Istanbul Travel Basics
Know Before You Go
- The Turkish currency is the lira (TRY) and the conversion is about 5.66 lira to the US dollar
- Learn a few key phrases to help you get around! “Mer-ha-ba” is “hello”, “tay-shay-koo-ay-dare-em” is “thank you very much”, “goo-lay-goo-lay” is “goodbye” if you are staying and they are leaving, while “hose-check-out” is “goodbye” if you are leaving and they are staying.
- Purchase the Museum Pass Istanbul for a better price on five days of museum exploration
- Purchase the Istanbulkart to get easy access to the tram, ferry, and city buses. Uber is also in Istanbul, but the prices are not significantly cheaper than taxis
- It’s super safe! I never felt uncomfortable or afraid even for a minute in Istanbul.
Where to Stay in Istanbul
We would highly recommend staying in the old city of Istanbul. It is centrally located and only a short walk to the Grand Bazaar, the Blue Mosque, and the sea. It is lined with shops, restaurants, and bars and is quite lively in the evenings with locals and tourists alike.
The Hotel Empress Zoe is a tranquil paradise in the center of the bustling old city. With gorgeous, peaceful gardens, plenty of comfortable seating areas tucked into quiet corners, and bubbling fountains – it is the perfect place to relax after a long day of city exploring. The building is old and traditional, with wisteria snaking up the sides and spilling onto the terraces. It has been beautifully remodeled inside and out.
Gorgeous antique furniture, quilted drapes, and four-poster beds fill the unique rooms that overlook the old city below. Stunning paintings, intricate brass lamps, and colorful tapestries add creative whimsy to every corner.
Start each day with a plate (or two!) of their delectable breakfast spread. There are daily fresh fruit and veggies, yogurt, homemade granola, cheeses and jams, freshly baked rolls and muffins, and delicious egg dishes. Finish your evenings on the lovely rooftop terrace surrounded by views of mosques on one side and the sea on the other. Relax with a bottle of wine while watching the gorgeous sunset from the best seat on the block!
Complete 3-Day Istanbul Itinerary
Day One: Eat, Sleep, Shop, Repeat
If you’re anything like me, you’ve been looking forward to a day of shopping in the Grand Bazaar for weeks before you finally arrived in Istanbul. So waiting until day two or three just isn’t an option. Plus there are so many things to see and do in Istanbul, best get started on your itinerary early!
Start your day with a hearty Turkish breakfast – it’s one of the best things about traveling in Turkey! You’ll probably have an incredible breakfast spread if you’re staying at a fancy hotel. But if not, consider heading to Cafe Privato for one of the best breakfasts in Istanbul.
You’re off to the Grand Bazaar after breakfast, but consider just doing a scouting trip for now. The bazaar is incredibly overwhelming, so it’s better to just get a feel for where things are and what things cost. Walk around, compare prices, take photos of your favorites, and take business cards of the shops you like.
You won’t be able to walk more than 10 feet without hearing “hello lady!” “where are you from?” “please, come look at my shop!” “just looking just looking” “can I have your money?” You’ll be exhausted by the time you leave.
Once you have a general idea of what things cost and the items you are interested in purchasing, you’ll be ready for lunch and some downtime. Grab a quick lunch and a tea at Firat Büfe in stall #12 of the bazaar. Then head to Çemberlitaş Hamamı Fiyat for a visit to the historical hamam, a soapy scrub, and a 30-minute oil massage to calm your muscles and your nerves. (Drifter Planet also recommends this hamam in their Istanbul itinerary)
You’ll be given a small pouch containing disposable undies and a scrubber when you first arrive. Once ushered to your gender-specific area, you’ll be directed to the changing room and offered a towel. Be sure to stick some coins in your pouch as a 10-20% tip split between your two attendants is expected. They will make a bit of a show about saying goodbye when they are finished.
From the dressing room, you’ll be taken into the hamam. You will sit there for 10-15 minutes on the hot marble rotunda to open up your pores. Someone will then come over to scrub you clean. You’ll be directed to another room after your rinse for your oil massage. Finally, you’ll finish with a shower. Leave feeling relaxed, invigorated, and ready to head back into the hectic bazaar to make your purchases!
A few of our favorite Grand Bazaar Shops:
- Barbi Home (stall #62) – for beautiful carpet bags and boots
- Ebrar Silver Ceramic Store (stall #22) – for a large selection of tea sets
- Güney Carpet (stall #60) – for tea and a chat with the Turkish George Clooney
- Dilek Gift Shop (stall #26) – for gorgeous handcrafted ceramic balls
- Bellihan Fine Rugs and Weavings (stall #94) – for a large selection of Turkish rugs and honest prices
- Silver Corner (stalls #45 and #51) – for all the jewelry you could ever want
- Regalos (stalls #33 and #35) – for a great price on quality lamps and hookahs
Once you’ve purchased your new Turkish treasures, head back to Empress Zoe to drop off your bags and then walk over to Meşale Cafe. Enjoy the appetizers, traditional Turkish music and dancing, and a flavored hookah. You’ll be endlessly entertained by the Whirling Dervish and the passionate group of instrumentalists that accompany him. This place gets packed in the evenings so the people-watching is just as entertaining as the performance!
Day Two: See All The Sights
A proper Turkish breakfast is a must before heading out for your day of Istanbul sightseeing. Make sure you start early to beat the crowds. You’re going to be surrounded by very conservative tourists today. Ladies may want to consider covering their shoulders and knees and men should wear long pants.
Start with the massive and impressive Sultanahmet Camii (nicknamed the Blue Mosque), which is a short five-minute walk from the hotel. Marvel at the huge courtyard and take time to read the informational signs to learn a bit more about the traditions of the Muslim religion. Then get in line where you’ll be provided proper attire (no matter what you’re wearing, it probably won’t pass muster), and head inside (it’s donation only).
The Hagia Sophia has a complex history – it has been constructed three times, destroyed in riots, and has served both as a Greek Orthodox church and an imperial mosque. The original gorgeous gold mosaics depicting Jesus and the Virgin Mary were covered up when the church was converted to a mosque. However, there are areas on the second floor where parts of the plaster have been removed to reveal the remarkable designs underneath.
Directly across the way from the Blue Mosque is a giant domed building that looks quite similar. That’s the Hagia Sophia, one of the best sights in Istanbul. It’s where you’re headed next. It’s technically called a museum. Unlike most museums, there are no statues or paintings on display – you simply wander around the massive mosque and admire the architecture.
Next, cross the street and head to the Basilica Cistern (also known as Yerebatan Sarnici). It is a massive underground water reservoir that has an estimated water storage capacity of 100,000 tons.
It doesn’t take long to walk to the end of the cistern where the strange Medusa heads are on display. While you are exploring the area, consider the fact that the huge detailed marble columns were essentially created to support a giant tank that no one was really ever meant to see.
On your way out, stop at the super touristy but massively entertaining sultan photo stand and splurge on the 35 TL (~$10 USD) back-lit frame for your new prized photo souvenir. I promise you won’t regret it.
Now it’s time to take a break from sightseeing for a tasty afternoon treat. Baklava is a traditional Turkish food you must try and Hafiz Mustafa makes the best baklava in the city. Fill up a box with one of everything so you can snack on the delicious treats all day!
Head over to Topkapı Palace after enjoying your sweet treats to check out the spectacular former residence of the sultans of Istanbul.
It will take at least two hours to explore the grounds and all of the ostentatiously decorated rooms (including a “turban room” and a “circumcision room”). Marvel at the amount of detail that went into every door, every tile, and all of the intricate gold serving ware.
The Harem House costs a bit more to visit (and is not included in the Museum Pass), but it is definitely worth it to see the private quarters of the sultans!
It’s been a long day, so head to the rooftop of Seven Hills Restaurant in the center of the old city for wine and spectacular sunset views of the city.
A few of our favorite restaurants in Istanbul’s old city:
- Old House Restaurant – try the mezze plate and the lamb casserole
- Cafe Rumist – try any of their delicious pies and freshly squeezed juice (no alcohol served here)
- Meşale Cafe – for appetizers, traditional Turkish music and dancing, and a flavored hookah
- Balikci Sabahattin – for scrumptious seafood in a beautiful garden setting
- Buhara Ocakbasi Restaurant – for kebabs with the locals
Day Three: Cruise Around the Bosphorus
You’ve had a decent tour of the popular tourist destinations of Istanbul. Now it’s time to check out the darling little neighborhoods that dot the banks of the Bosphorus and are outside of the usual tourist track.
Dress to impress today as you’ll be mingling with the young and elite of Istanbul. Again, start with breakfast in the garden at Hotel Empress Zoe, and then it’s a short walk or tram ride to the bustling neighborhood of Eminönü.
From the Eminönü wharf, you’ll find ferries heading to all parts of both the Asian and European sides of Istanbul. You can catch a ferryboat up the Bosphorus to see the beautiful hotels, palaces, nightclubs, and government buildings lining the waterfront (to go to the far north end, catch one of the commuter ferries that run in the evenings from 5 -7:30 pm).
Or head directly to one of the following neighborhoods depending on your preference:
If you’re looking for a hipster-chic neighborhood with funky art galleries and pubs…
Get on the Kadiköy ferry which departs every 20 minutes and is a quick 25-minute ride to the Asian side of the city. The Kadiköy neighborhood is the “hipster” neighborhood with streets lined with funky art galleries, themed bars, and quirky shops. It’s where the young, hip, and slightly emo kids of Istanbul hang out.
After having a walk around the neighborhood, stop at Çiya Sofrasi for a wide variety of Turkish dips and traditional dishes for lunch. The streets are filled with fun themed bars so you can set down, enjoy an ice-cold craft beer and immerse yourself in the scene.
If you’re looking for the “hip industrial district” scene where the young and elite sip fancy coffee concoctions…
Head to the Karaköy neighborhood. Start with the Istanbul Modern Museum where an eclectic collection of paintings, videos, and interactive art pieces are exquisitely displayed. The museum is much larger than it looks from the outside and will take a few hours to explore in its entirety.
Museum browsing is always exhausting, so after you’ve covered the main floor and the basement, you can head to the little museum cafe for a coffee and lovely sea views.
Or better yet, walk over to Kılıç Ali Paşa Mescidi Sk. which is a hip, bustling street in the middle of a sea of industrial buildings and ongoing construction. LOL Coffee Roasters serves up freshly brewed exotic coffee blends and fancy flavored specialties. Grab a table on the street or on the second-floor patio. Sip your pumpkin-flavored coffee while watching the trendy locals stroll by.
As you sit, consider how different people are dressed in these neighborhoods as compared to the area around the Blue Mosque and within the walls of the Grand Bazaar; half shirts will far outnumber head coverings.
Kılıç Ali Paşa Mescidi Sk. street only gets more popular as the sun sets. So, if you’re up for it, stay for dinner, overpriced drinks, bumping music, and a lively atmosphere. Pim Karaköy has the best wine pours and cheapest beers around and it’s close enough to the action while still being able to carry on a conversation.
If you’re looking for an upscale experience and a more “western” vibe…
Check out Arnavutköy. It’s a cute little neighborhood that has darling, colorful houses that resemble the row houses of San Francisco. It’s also a popular area for ex-pats to live in so you’re likely to meet foreigners here.
Have a cocktail overlooking the sea at Any Restaurant and then roam around the cute backstreets admiring the architecture. Have a sunset stroll along the boardwalk to the Bebek neighborhood further north.
Finish with dinner and drinks at one of the many delectable seafood restaurants offering views of the Bosphorus.
After dinner head back to Hotel Empress Zoe for a glass of wine on the terrace overlooking the city below. Soak in the sights and sounds of the city you’ve spent the past three days exploring and start planning your trip to return!
If you Have More Time in Istanbul
Here are a few more things to do in the city
- Take a cooking class! Cooking Alaturka offers a fun and informative class and will leave you with recipes to try back at home!
- Check out the Süleymaniye Mosque which is arguably even more beautiful than the Blue Mosque on the inside but without the crowds. The views of the city from the courtyard are stunning!
- The Arasta Bazaar (just a couple of blocks from Hotel Empress Zoe) offers many of the same souvenirs as the Grand Bazaar but with less hassle.
- There are numerous touts offering hour-long boat tours of the Bosphorus at a bargain price (15-30 TL). It’s a good choice for Sundays as the public ferries run fewer routes.
Looking for more things to do in Istanbul? Check out our favorite travel guides!